Say you want to store an array of strings associated with an entity using EF? For example Tags on a Blog Post...

BlogEntry - ICollection<string>

public class BlogEntry {
    public int Id { get; set; }
    public string Title { get; set; }
    public string Text { get; set; }

    public ICollection<string> Tags { get; set; }

Hooked up to a DbContext

public class DataContext : DbContext {
    static DataContext() {
            new DropCreateDatabaseIfModelChanges<DataContext>());

    public DbSet<BlogEntry> BlogEntries { get; set; }

With the appropriate .Config

    <add name="DataContext" connectionString="Server=.\sqlexpress;Database=Sandbox.EFArrayOfStrings;Integrated Security=true" providerName="System.Data.SqlClient" />

An gave it a whirl, the result was a database, a table, but no storage for the Tags collection.

Well, this isn't supported. What we have here is a One to Many relationship, and your Tags need their own table to store the data, for this to happen you need to define a Complex Type, which brings with it a number of restrictions.

BlogEntry - ICollection<Tag>

Firstly I define the complex type to contain my tags name

public class Tag {

    [Column(Order = 0)]
    public int BlogEntryId { get; set; }

    [Column(Order = 1)]
    public string Name { get; set; }

Rule no 1 of EF, every entity must have a Key, so that it can be distinguished, loaded and saved back to the same record.

If you were to have a one to one relationship you would only declare the Key as being the BlogEntry property, as we are One to Many, we need to make a compound key with the Name its-self - note this will restrict the collection to having a unique name, in this case this is what I want.

Finally with a compound key you need to tell EF what the column order will be so you see the ColumnAttribute added to both properties.

Now, I add the DbSet<Tag> to the DataContext, update my BlogEntryClass with ICollection<Tag> and run my test.

public void TestDataContext() {
    var dataContext = new DataContext();

        new BlogEntry {
            Title = "Test",
            Text = "Some Test Content",
            Tags = new[] {
                       new Tag {Name = "Test"},
                       new Tag {Name = "EF Code-First"}


A new table is created, with a compound key for BlogEntryId and Name and a foreign key link to the BlogEntry table

- that will do for me, here's a database diagram to illustrate the result further

Attached : VS 2010 Solution

comments powered by Disqus

On Twitter Follow MrAntix on Twitter

AzureHelp 32 minutes ago

#AzureHelp : PHP using zend framework not working in windows azure

WhatsInStore_ One hour ago

#Amazon: Programming Windows Azure: Programming the Microsof... by Sriram Krishnan #Books

Sergio__Cabrera One hour ago

New: Video Tutorial is not playing : Pluralsight MVC 5 Fundamentals (video course)

Krippz One hour ago

Azure App Service API Apps with Scott Hunter | Azure Friday | Channel 9 #dev #azure #webapi

BhamNetwork One hour ago

RT @CrimsonITJobs: New #job: Developer – – West Midlands,Birmingham ..